A male adult film star in California who underwent regular HIV testing still ended up contracting the virus and infecting two other men before the disease was detected, according to a new report of the case.
The case underscores the need for adult film workers, and others at risk for HIV infection, to take multiple precautions to prevent HIV transmission, the researchers said. HIV testing cannot detect the virus in very early stages of infection, leaving a window when a person can unknowingly transmit the virus to others.
“Adult film performers and production companies, medical providers and all persons at risk for HIV should be aware that testing alone is not sufficient to prevent HIV transmission,” the researchers said.
In the new case, a period of 22 days elapsed between the adult film star’s last negative HIV test and his positive HIV test. During that time, the man (referred to as “patient A”) had sex with 12 other adult film workers, and three nonwork partners, without using a condom. Of these contacts, one adult film worker and one nonwork partner both tested positive for