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Undetected HIV Leads to Cluster of Cases in Adult Film Industry

A male adult film star in California who underwent regular HIV testing still ended up contracting the virus and infecting two other men before the disease was detected, according to a new report of the case.

HIV Virus in Bloodstream

The case underscores the need for adult film workers, and others at risk for HIV infection, to take multiple precautions to prevent HIV transmission, the researchers said. HIV testing cannot detect the virus in very early stages of infection, leaving a window when a person can unknowingly transmit the virus to others.

“Adult film performers and production companies, medical providers and all persons at risk for HIV should be aware that testing alone is not sufficient to prevent HIV transmission,” the researchers said.

In the new case, a period of 22 days elapsed between the adult film star’s last negative HIV test and his positive HIV test. During that time, the man (referred to as “patient A”) had sex with 12 other adult film workers, and three nonwork partners, without using a condom. Of these contacts, one adult film worker and one nonwork partner both tested positive for

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Zika Virus in Semen Provides More Evidence of Sexual Spread

The case of a man in the United Kingdom who had Zika virus a few years ago provides even more evidence that the virus can be transmitted through sex, according to a new report.

An illustration of sperm and egg meeting.

Researchers found the virus in the man’s semen nearly nine weeks after he became ill, the report said.

“Our data may indicate prolonged presence of [Zika] virus in semen, which, in turn, could indicate a prolonged potential for sexual transmission,” the researchers, from Public Health England, part of the U.K.’s Department of Health, write in an article to be published in the May issue of the journal Emerging Infectious Diseases.

The Zika virus, which is currently spreading in more than 20 countries in Central and South America, is usually transmitted by mosquitoes. But several recent reports suggest that in rare cases, the virus can be transmitted through sex. Earlier this month, health officials said a person in Dallas appeared to have contracted the virus after having sex with a man who had recently traveled to Venezuela, where Zika is spreading.

Health officials are concerned about a

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A man wakes up one morning just as he always does but suddenly has flashbacks to a past identity, a name he held 30 years ago.

A diagram of the human brain

It sounds like the setup to “The Bourne Identity,” but this bizarre scenario actually played out recently in real life.

A 51-year-old man with a developmental disability living in St. Catharines, Ontario, began having flashbacks of his earlier life. He suddenly remembered who he was: Edgar Latulip, of Kitchener, Ontario. When he told a social worker, she looked up his details and found a missing person’s notice from 1986, CBC reported.

It turned out that Latulip went missing while on his way to Niagara Falls, when he suffered a head injury and forgot who he was. [Top 10 Mysteries of the Mind]

But what causes these cases, and how do people suddenly remember who they are? Although amnesia is a clichéd plot device for mystery novels and soap operas, this type of global amnesia — in which a person forgets everything about his or her life, typically called a fugue state

The Old Way and the New Way of Wisdom Teeth Removal

You ever see those videos of kids having wisdom teeth removal? It is about how they react to the anesthesia. Well, I never had anesthesia to get my wisdom teeth out. It was just me, the dentist and a few shots of lidocaine. I cannot imagine what people went through for dental procedures before the … Continue reading “The Old Way and the New Way of Wisdom Teeth Removal”

You ever see those videos of kids having wisdom teeth removal? It is about how they react to the anesthesia. Well, I never had anesthesia to get my wisdom teeth out. It was just me, the dentist and a few shots of lidocaine. I cannot imagine what people went through for dental procedures before the anesthetic injections were available. Now they can put you into what they call a twilight sort of sleep. It is like how they do when you get an endocscopy or colonoscopy. They hook you up to an IV and inject stuff to knock you out. The drugs also work to cause amnesia of the event. You will not remember it. The dentist can tell you to do things such as open your mouth and you will hear and dot it, but you will not remember it.

I had the old style of anesthesia once as a kid. They used a gas to render me unconscious. Continue reading “The Old Way and the New Way of Wisdom Teeth Removal”

When to Consider IVF

The desire to have children is an innate one for the vast majority of couples. In most cultures, having children is considered a natural progression on the continuum of life. Unfortunately, there are some couples who discover that they are facing some significant challenges, due to the existence of fertility issues. While some fertility issues can be diagnosed and treated, there are some instances in which the cause of the infertility cannot be diagnosed, and if it cannot be diagnosed, it cannot be treated at the root cause. In vitro fertilization can often be the most viable option for couples who are struggling with infertility issues, including unexplained infertility, which makes up approximately 15 percent of infertility cases.

Understanding the Challenges that are Created When Facing Infertility

Because the term “infertility” encompasses multitudinous elements that manifest themselves over a complex spectrum, there is no one-size-fits-all treatment for infertility. While certain treatment modalities will work with one type of infertility condition, it will be completely ineffective with another. Because of the complex nature of infertility, it is impossible for the lay person to effectively evaluate their situation to make a determination on the best possible solution.

Chronic liver damage worsened by alcohol-fueled gut bacteria

Around half of end-stage liver disease cases, also known as liver cirrhosis, are caused by alcohol.

Overall, liver cirrhosis is the 10th biggest killer in the US.

Science already has an understanding of how alcohol can directly impact the liver’s health; the metabolic products of the breakdown of alcohol are toxic to the liver.

Additionally, the inflammation that these secondary compounds produce can be harmful to the organ’s functioning.

New research published this week in Cell Host & Microbe shows how a secondary mechanism, involving bacteria in the gut, also plays a significant role in the liver’s downfall.

Dr. Bernd Schnabl and his team at the University of California found that alcohol can suppress antibacterial defense systems within the intestines, causing further damage to the liver.

Mouse guts, lectins and bacteria

REG3B and REG3G lectins are produced by specific cells of the intestinal wall and act as natural antibiotics. Chronic alcohol intake has been found to hinder the production of these proteins.

Reduction in REG3B and REG3G allows bacteria to replicate freely; they are also able to move through the intestinal wall with greater ease. Once on the other

Experts debunk viral theory linking microcephaly and pesticide

After a story went viral over the weekend linking a pesticide, rather than a virus, to the high rate of the birth defect microcephaly in Brazil, health officials from the United States and Brazil swiftly sought to refute the claim.

The University Network of Environment and Health, a group of doctors and researchers in Argentina, presented the provocative argument February 3. In their report, researchers claimed pyriproxyfen— a pesticide used in drinking water to block mosquito larvae— may be disrupting fetal development when ingested by pregnant women, potentially leading to babies born with microcephaly, The Washington Post reported.

Rates of microcephaly, a birth defect where babies are born with abnormally small heads and underdeveloped brains, have increased in Brazil, with the latest report revealing 4,443 suspected and confirmed cases as the country deals with an outbreak of Zika virus and its suspected link to microcephaly.

American and Brazilian health experts quickly responded to the report, reiterating that the evidence of the link— including the presence of Zika in amniotic fluid and the strong geographic and temporal correlation between the cases and infections— is strong and growing, The Washington Post reported.

The University Network of

Ecological imaging test may determine deadliness of breast cancer

Scientists in London have developed an ecological imaging test that may help determine which breast cancers are most likely to be deadly— an analysis that could in turn help doctors tailor individuals’ treatment more effectively.

The Ecosystem Diversity Index fuses a cancer imaging technique and methods used by ecologists to study animal and plant species. In a study published Tuesday in PLOS medicine, scientists at The Institute of Cancer Research, London, who developed the combined test, used the index to distinguish cancer cells from normal cells in tumors, according to a news release. They found that, based on the test, the more complex and diverse breast cancer is, the more likely it may be to advance and cause death. The institute helped fund the research, according to the release.

Study authors analyzed 1,026 samples of untreated breast tumors from three hospitals. They looked at three cell types: cancer cells; immune system lymphocytes; and stromal cells, which produce connective tissue.

They found patients with high-grade tumors that had a diameter larger than 5 centimeters, whose tumors were on the upper end of the Ecosystem Diversity Index, faced a 16 percent five-year survival rate, compared with a

Once-Banned Bird Flu Study Yields Sobering Findings

As few as five mutations are enough to make the H5N1 avian influenza virus transmissible via airborne droplets between ferrets, according to a new, highly anticipated report.

Because the flu virus affects ferrets and humans in a similar way, the new findings, appearing in the June 22 issue of the journal Science, may shed light on how likely it is that an avian or “bird flu” virus will become pandemic and spread rapidly between humans.

If a new virus emerged, humans could essentially be defenseless against it.

The paper is the second of two whose publication was banned by the U.S. government, which feared that publishing specifics on a sequence of the H5N1 bird flu might prompt bioterrorists to develop and unleash a pandemic.

In April, however, the controversial ban was lifted and the first paper was published in the journal Nature.

Bruce Alberts, the editor-in-chief of Science, speaking at a press conference Wednesday, said he hoped publication of this and a companion paper “will help to make the world safer by stimulating more scientists and policy makers to focus on preparing defenses [against a pandemic].”

Asked whether the report might increase

U.S. Advisers Say It’s Now Safe to Publish Bird Flu Studies

Research on a mutated, more contagious form of the bird flu virus can be published in full, U.S. government biosecurity advisers said Friday, despite initial concerns that bioterrorists could use the information to start a pandemic.

The National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity said two research papers, which have been revised since they were first offered for publication late last year, have been reworked enough so they no longer contain details that might be of value to bioterrorists. The advisers’ recommendation now goes to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services for a decision, the Associated Press reported.

In December, the advisers recommended against publication of the papers because doing so was potentially risky.

The two studies at the center of the debate were to be published in the journals Science and Nature late last year. The papers, which were funded by the U.S. National Institutes of Health, describe how the virus could mutate relatively easily into a strain that could spread rapidly among humans. The research was done by scientists at the University of Wisconsin and in the Netherlands.

Although the bird flu virus, known as H5N1, rarely infects people, it appears

Cases of Tamiflu-Resistant Flu Concern Experts

World Health Organization researchers are reporting an apparent spike in Australia in the number of seasonal influenza cases resistant to Tamiflu, the most commonly used antiviral drug.

The jump in such cases involving the pandemic 2009 A(H1N1) flu strain, also known as swine flu, took place during Australia’s most recent winter: May through August of 2011.

“In 2007/2008, a different A(H1N1) influenza virus developed Tamiflu-resistance,” explained WHO research scientist Aeron C. Hurt, who reported the spike. “On that occasion, it was first detected in large numbers in Europe. However, within 12 months the virus had spread globally, such that virtually every A(H1N1) virus around the world was resistant to this drug,” he explained.

“This previous situation demonstrated the speed and potential for a Tamiflu-resistant virus to spread worldwide,” Hurt added. “Our concern is that this current pandemic 2009 A(H1N1) Tamiflu-resistant virus may also spread globally.”

Hurt, who is based in the Collaborating Centre for Reference and Research on Influenza in North Melbourne, outlined his observations in the Dec. 29 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine.

To explore the question of H1N1-drug resistance,

Do I Have a Cold or the Flu

Figuring out if you have a cold or the flu can be difficult. Learn how to spot the differences.

You have a runny nose, a cough, a fever, and a pounding headache, but what’s making you feel so awful? Figuring out whether you’re dealing with the common cold or the flu is often hard to tell.

Cold vs. Flu Symptoms: Finding the Cause

Both a cold and the flu, or influenza, are respiratory infections, but they’re caused by different viruses. A cold can be caused by any one of more than 200 distinct viruses, while there are only a handful of viruses that cause the flu.

As a general rule, the flu is usually more intense and fierce than the common cold. In some situations, it can be important to know if you have the flu, since it is more likely to lead to serious complications, including pneumonia, bacterial infection, or hospitalization.

Cold vs. Flu Symptoms: Spotting the Differences

Fever, runny nose, fatigue, headache, and muscle aches are symptoms shared by both cold and flu. Although cold and flu share some of the same symptoms, certain indicators are common with each

Obesity May Hinder Flu Shot’s Effectiveness

The various health risks associated with being overweight or obese are well known, but a new study now suggests that this extra weight may also make your annual flu shot less effective.

What’s more, obese and overweight people may be at higher risk for more severe illness if they do catch the flu, according to the findings published online Oct. 25 in the International Journal of Obesity.

Flu vaccines work by causing protective antibodies to develop in the body. In the study, obese, overweight and healthy weight individuals all developed antibodies to flu viruses within the first month after vaccination, but the antibody levels in the blood waned more rapidly among obese and overweight individuals.

Specifically, there was a fourfold decrease in antibody levels 11 months after vaccination in half of the obese patients, compared to one month post-vaccination. By contrast, less than 25 percent of healthy weight participants showed this degree of decrease in their antibody levels after 11 months, the researchers found.

In addition, a type of white blood cell called CD8+ T-cells, which play a key role in priming the body’s immune system, doesn’t work properly in heavier people. When vaccination

FeatherSound Smiles Reports on the Benefits of Laser Dentistry

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

(Clearwater, Florida) Not many people excitedly anticipate a visit with their dentist. We all associate that dreadful check up with drills and discomfort. But the advent of laser dentistry has truly revolutionized the field. This relatively new technology has propelled the practice of drilling and scraping into a more patient-friendly experience.

Laser dentistry can aid in a myriad of dental procedures:

– Treatment of gum disease by removing inflamed gum tissue

– Exposing partially erupted wisdom teeth

– Removing and exposing gum and bone during crown procedures

– Decreasing bacteria in root canals

– Reducing a patient’s amount of cold and canker sores

– Hastening tooth whitening procedures

The following information about the benefits of laser dentistry will help to reduce any hesitation you might be feeling as you go in for your next check-up.

Below are 5 reasons you should consider using laser dentistry.

1. More Precision

With lasers, a dentist can interact more precisely with tissue and sometimes even remove several layers of cell tissue at a time. A certain kind of laser called the “Erbium” can be highly selective when

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Fat-Fighting Foods

Adults With This May Face Higher Stroke Risk

Adults who were born with heart defects are at increased risk for stroke, a new study finds. “We knew there was a connection between heart failure and stroke in patients with heart defects, but we were surprised to discover it was the strongest predictor,” said senior study author Dr. Ariane Marelli, a professor of medicine at McGill University in Montreal. However, the study did not prove that heart defects cause stroke. For the study, researchers looked at stroke rates among more than 29,000 adults born with heart defects, and compared them with rates among people in the general population of the province of Quebec, Canada. Those with heart defects were nine to 12 times more likely to suffer an ischemic stroke (blocked blood flow to the brain) before age 55. In addition, they were two to four times more likely to have this type of stroke between the ages of 55 and 64, the investigators found. The strongest predictors of ischemic strokes in adults with heart defects were heart failure, diabetes and recent heart attacks, the study authors said. In addition, adults born with heart defects were five to six times more likely to have a bleeding (“hemorrhagic”)

A Health In Harmony Volunteer Goes to COP21

Over 40,000 civil society observers, government delegation members, heads of state (from over 190 countries), lawyers, negotiators, policymakers, healthcare professionals, scientists, students (the list goes on…) gathered in Paris the last two weeks to come to a global agreement about where we stand, where we are headed, and more specifically, what needs to be done about rapid climate change and its impact on people and planet. That’s no small order.

This was my second time attending the UN Climate Negotiations. I have had the opportunity to work with both civil society organizations (last year at COP20 in Lima, Peru) and government delegations (this year, with the country of Seychelles and other small island developing states). On this global, UN level, I work to advocate for a fair, equitable, and legally binding global agreement, especially in terms of gender justice and human and indigenous rights.

This year, with better planning and more time, I was also able to incorporate the work that I like to be involved with on-the-ground – tropical forests and health care. After spending my summer in Sukadana, I wanted to understand how a program like ASRI fits into the global climate agenda.

How To Get To Be A Credentialed Nursing Professional

Nursing jobs is one of the speediest growing professions in today’s arena for a number of reasons. For starters, the general public of the United States has become more mature and requires more complicated medical treatment. Nursing staff are important in healthcare provider’s establishments, medical centers as well as home care providers to help those getting older people stay healthy. Then, more people happen to be paying for their very own health care insurance and need to take advantage of their plans. Nurses will be needed for primary care physician establishments and also specialist’s offices to manage all those clients which did not been to see a health care professional in several years. Then finally, consumers are starting to identify how essential it is actually to care for themselves. People recognize that nurse practitioners are incredibly well-informed experts and utilize them regarding guidance in addition to health care. Simply because physicians only have a small amount of time with each of the patients, nurse practitioners will be investing a growing amount of time explaining intervention strategies. Anybody who would like to be a part of the fascinating career in medical care needs to know the 2015 nursing rules

As HMOs Dominate, Alternatives Get Costlier

Consumers seeking health policies with the most freedom in choosing doctors and hospitals are finding far fewer of those plans offered on the insurance marketplaces next year. And the premiums are rising faster than for other types of coverage. The plans, usually known as preferred provider organizations or PPOs, pay for a portion of the costs of out-of-network hospitals and physicians. They are the most common type offered by employers, and some consumers in the individual marketplaces find them more appealing than health maintenance organizations and other policies that pay only for medical facilities and doctors with whom they have contracts. In Kelly Filson’s Indiana hometown of Plymouth, all but two of the 75 insurance policies available on the health marketplace are the restrictive type. Only one of those would provide substantial coverage to the two hospitals her family wants access to next year, a local community facility and a children’s hospital where her 12-year-old will need special surgery. But at $1,109 a month, the policy is twice as costly as the cheapest plans in the area. “I’m just trying to figure out what we can feasibly afford. That’s the bottom line, said Filson, a music teacher. A

Top health issues you need to pay attention to in 2016

Runaway drug prices. “Pharma bro” Martin Shkreli became the most hated man in America in 2015 after he raised the price of an old drug and called a journalist a “moron” on Twitter for asking why. The issue so inflamed the public that a number of presidential candidates joined in the outcry, and a Senate committee launched an investigation into four companies – including Shrkeli’s — for their pricing practices. While Shrekli has been let go from his position as CEO of Turing Pharmaceuticals, the issue of drug pricing continues to be a major concern among consumers. Since then, a number of different interest groups have come up with proposals for different types of pricing schemes, from more federal subsidies for those in need, increasing things like coupons or programs offered by companies to discount prices or even something very radical like tying prices to outcome — meaning that those that extend life the longest would be most expensive.

Is the public outcry so strong that 2016 will be the year when the government or industry comes up with a way to ease the burden on patients?